Personality and Health – A Longitudinal Study

This study tests the models and mechanisms by which childhood personality traits predict adult health-related behaviors, physical and mental health status, and eventually mortality.
Details

The goal of this project is to study associations between personality and health over the lifespan, and the mechanisms underlying these associations, in the Hawaii Personality and Health cohort. The study began over 50 years ago with personality assessments of participants when they were elementary school children on two Hawaiian islands. Since 1998, we have located and recruited participants for questionnaire assessments and we have conducted an extensive baseline medical and psychological examination at mean age 50. During the next five years, we will be conducting 10-year follow-up examinations as well as further questionnaire assessments.

PROJECT PERIOD

9/1/12 - 8/31/17

FUNDING AGENCY

National Institute on Aging (NIA)

PUBLICATIONS

Kern, M., Hampson, S., Goldberg, L., & Friedman, H. (2014). Integrating prospective longitudinal data: Modeling personality and health in the Terman Life Cycle and Hawaii Longitudinal Studies. Developmental Psychology, 50(5), 1390-1406. doi:10.1037/a0030874

Abstract or Full Text

Friedman, H., Kern, M., Hampson, S., & Duckworth, A. (2014). A new life-span approach to conscientiousness and health: Combining the pieces of the causal puzzle. Developmental Psychology, 50(5), 1377-1389. doi:10.1037/a0030373

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S., Edmonds, G., Goldberg, L., Dubanoski, J., & Hillier, T. (2013). Childhood conscientiousness relates to objectively measured adult physical health four decades later. Health Psychology: Official Journal Of The Division Of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 32(8), 925-928. doi:10.1037/a0031655

Abstract or Full Text

Klest, B., Freyd, J. J., Hampson, S. E., & Dubanoski, J. P. (in press). Trauma, socioeconomic resources, and self-rated Health in an ethnically diverse adult cohort. Ethnicity and Health.

Abstract or Full Text

Turiano, N. A., Whiteman, S. D., Hampson, S. E., Roberts, R. W., & Mroczek, D. K. (in press). Personality and substance use in midlife: The moderating effects of conscientiousness. Journal of Research in Personality.

Abstract or Full Text

Vollrath. M. E., Hampson, S. E., & Pétur B. Júlíusson (2012). Children and Eating: Personality and gender are associated with obesogenic food consumption and overweight in 6- to 12-year-olds. Appetite, 58 (3), 1113-1117.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., & Vollrath, M. E. (2012). Temperament and physical health over the lifespan. In M. Zentner & R. Shiner (Eds.), Handbook of temperament, 2nd ed., Guilford Press.

Markowitz, E. M., Goldberg, L. R., Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2012). Profiling the “pro-environmental individual”: A personality perspective. Journal of Personality, 80, 81-111.

Abstract or Full Text

Chapman, B. P., & Goldberg, L. R. (2011). Replicability and 40-year predictive power of childhood ARC types. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 593-606.

Abstract or Full Text

Rentfrow, P. J., Goldberg, L. R., & Levitin, D. J. (2011). The structure of musical preferences: A five-factor model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 1139-1157.

Abstract or Full Text

Rentfrow, P. J., Goldberg, L. R., & Zilca, R. (2011). Listening, watching, and reading: The structure and correlates of entertainment preferences. Journal of Personality, 79, 223-257.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E. (2011). Personality processes: Mechanisms by which personality traits “get outside the skin.” Annual Review of Psychology, 63.

Abstract or Full Text

Vollrath, M. E., Tonstad, S., Rothbart, M. K., & Hampson, S. E. (2011). Infant temperament is associated with potentially obesogenic diet at 18 months. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6(2-2), e408-e414.

Abstract or Full Text

Nave, C. S. (2011). Long-term stability of personality: Implications for behavior. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of California, Riverside, CA.

Hampson, S.E., Tildesley, E., Andrews, J.A., Luyckx, K., & Mroczek, D.K. (2010). The relation of change in hostility and sociability during childhood to substance use in mid adolescence. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 103-114. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.12.006.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., Tonstad, S., Irgens, L. M., Meltzer, H. M., & Vollrath, M. (2010). Mothers’ negative affectivity during pregnancy and food choices for their infants. International Journal of Obesity, 34, 327-331.

Abstract or Full Text

Woods, S. A., & Hampson, S. E. (2010). Predicting adult occupational environments from gender and childhood personality traits. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 1045-1057.

Abstract or Full Text

Goldberg, L. R. (2010). Personality, demographics, and self-reported behavioral acts: The development of avocational interest scales from estimates of the amount of time spent in interest-related activities. In C. R. Agnew, D. E. Carlston, W. G. Graziano, & J. R. Kelly (Eds.), Then a miracle occurs: Focusing on behavior in social psychological theory and research (pp. 205-226). New York: Oxford University Press.

Nave, C. S., Sherman, R. A., Funder, D. C., Hampson, S. E., & Goldberg, L. R. (2010). On the contextual independence of personality: Teachers’ assessments predict directly observed behavior after four decades. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 327-334.

Abstract or Full Text

Pozzebon, J. A., Visser, B. A., Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., & Goldberg, L. R. (2010). Psychometric characteristics of a public-domain self-report measure of vocational interests: The Oregon Vocational Interest Scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 168-174.

Abstract or Full Text

Rammstedt, B., Goldberg, L. R., & Borg, I. (2010). The measurement equivalence of Big-Five factor markers for persons with different levels of education. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 53-61.

Abstract or Full Text

Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., Goldberg, L. R., & de Vries, R. E. (2009). Higher-order factors of personality: Do they exist? Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 79-91.

Abstract or Full Text

Goldberg, L. R. (2009). How to win a career achievement award in five easy lessons. Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 506-517.

Hampson, S. E., Goldberg, L. R., Vogt, T. M., Hillier, T. A., & Dubanoski, J. P. (2009). Using physiological dysregulation to assess global health status: Associations with self-rated health and health behaviors. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 232-241.

Abstract or Full Text

Brown, D. E., Hampson, S. E., Dubanoski, J. P., Stone Murai, A., & Hillier, T. A. (2009). Effects of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on body composition in an admixed, multiethnic population in Hawaii. American Journal of Human Biology. 21, 383-388.

Abstract or Full Text

Klest, B. K. (2009). Trauma, posttraumatic symptoms, and health in Hawaii: Gender, ethnicity, and social context. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.

Hampson, S. E. (2008). Mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence adult well-being. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 264-268.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., & Friedman, H. S. (2008). Personality and health: A lifespan perspective. In O. P. John, R. Robins, & L. Pervin (Eds.), The handbook of personality: Theory and research (3rd ed., pp. 770-794). New York: Guilford.

Farmer, R. F., & Goldberg, L. R. (2008). A psychometric evaluation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) and the TCI-140. Psychological Assessment, 20, 281-291.

Abstract or Full Text

Farmer, R. F., & Goldberg, L. R. (2008). Brain modules, personality layers, planes of being, spiral structures, and the equally implausible distinction between TCI-R "temperament" and "character" scales: Reply to Cloninger. Psychological Assessment, 20, 300-304.

Abstract or Full Text

Goldberg, L. R., Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2008). Comment on Anderson and Ones (2008). European Journal of Personality, 22, 151-156.

Abstract or Full Text

Zheng, L., Goldberg, L. R., Zheng, Y., Zhao, Y., Tang, Y., & Liu, L. (2008). Reliability and concurrent validation of the IPIP Big-Five factor markers in China: Consistencies in factor structure between Internet-obtained heterosexual and homosexual samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 649-654.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., Goldberg, L. R., Vogt, T. M., & Dubanoski, J. P. (2007). Mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence adult health status: Educational attainment and healthy behaviors. Health Psychology, 26, 121-125.

Abstract or Full Text

Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N. R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socioeconomic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 313-345.

Abstract or Full Text

Kanazawa, A., White, P. M., & Hampson, S. E. (2007). Ethnic variation in depressive symptoms in a community sample in Hawaii. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 13(1), 35-44.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., & Goldberg, L. R. (2006). A first large cohort study of personality trait stability over the 40 years between elementary school and midlife. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 763-779.

Abstract or Full Text

Hampson, S. E., Goldberg, L. R., Vogt, T. M., & Dubanoski, J. P. (2006). Forty years on: Teachers' assessments of children's personality traits predict self-reported health behaviors and outcomes at midlife. Health Psychology, 25, 57-64.

Abstract or Full Text

Goldberg, L. R. (2001). Analyses of Digman's child-personality data: Derivation of Big-Five factor scores from each of six samples. Journal of Personality, 69, 709-743.

Hampson, S. E., Dubanoski, J. P., Hamada, W., Marsella, A. J., Matsukawa, J., Suarez, E., & Goldberg, L. R. (2001). Where are they now? Locating former elementary-school students after nearly 40 years for a longitudinal study of personality and health. Journal of Research in Personality, 35, 375-387.

Marsella, A.J., Dubanoski, J. P., Hamada, W. C., & Morse, H. (2000). The measurement of personality across cultures: Historical, conceptual, and methodological issues and considerations. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 41-62.